Moles are small cylindrical mammals adapted to a subterranean lifestyle. They have velvety fur; very small, difficult to see ears and eyes, reduced hindlimbs; and short, powerful forelimbs with large paws positioned for digging.

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  • Moles burrow lawns, raising molehills, and killing the lawn, for which they are sometimes considered pests. They can undermine plant roots, indirectly causing damage or death. Moles do eat plant roots.
  • Problems cited as caused by moles include contamination of silage with soil particles, making it unpalatable to livestock.
  • Moles are solitary creatures, coming together only to mate. Territories may overlap, but moles avoid each other and males may fight fiercely if they meet.
  • Moles are fast diggers and can tunnel at a rate of 15 feet per hour. In favorable areas, shallow tunnels can be built at a rate of 12 inches per minute.
  • No repellents currently available will reliably protect lawns or other plantings from moles. However, people mistakenly think they have successfully repelled a mole because they don't see new molehills for long periods following use.
  • If your lawn is being taken over by moles, there is a pretty good chance that you have lawn grubs. If you have moles, they are in your lawn because your lawn is providing them with food. Because lawn grubs are a great food source for moles, taking control of the moles in your yard requires getting rid of the grubs first.
  • Moles can be destructive pests in lawns, gardens, nurseries, parks, golf courses, and cemeteries. During their burrowing activities, they produce mounds and ridges that disfigure lawns and sometimes dislodge plants or injure plant roots.
  • Moles can quickly colonize and spread through adjacent residential properties if not handled properly. Because they need a well-established tunnel network to survive, control will be more difficult the longer they are allowed to tunnel and become habituated.